Works Cited

A Brief History of Hacking, Hacktivism, and Hashtag Activism. (n.d.). Retrieved April 10, 2017, from

Anonymous activists target Tunisian government sites. (2011, January 04). Retrieved from

Bergal, Jenni. “‘Hacktivists’ Increasingly Target Local and State Government Computers.”The Pew Charitable Trusts. N.p., 10 Jan. 2017. Web. 10 Apr. 2017.

Castells, M. (2012). Networks of outrage and hope (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Polity Press.

Denning, D. E. (2001). Activism, hacktivism, and cyberterrorism: The Internet as a tool for influencing foreign policy. Networks and netwars: The future of terror, crime, and militancy, 239, 288.

Elazari, K. (2014, March). Hackers: The internet’s immune system. Retrieved May 04, 2017, from

Gallup, Inc. “Hacking Tops List of Crimes Americans Worry About Most.” N.p., 27 Oct. 2014. Web. 10 Apr. 2017.

Jordan, Tim, and Paul A. Taylor. Hacktivism and Cyberwars: Rebels with a Cause? London: Routledge, 2004. Print.

Jordan, T. (2015). Hacktivism: Operation tunisia, modular tactics and information activism. Information politics (pp. 176) Pluto.

Samaiya, Ravi. “Hackers Shut Down Government Sites.” New York Times [New York] 2 Feb. 2011: n. pg. Print.



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